The XV-5 was a proof-of-concept lift-fan aircraft and thus employed a completely "manual” powered-lift flight control system. The lack of an integrated powered-lift system required the pilot to manually control the aircraft flight-path through independent manipulation of stick, engine power, thrust vector angle and collective lift. This lack of an integrated powered-lift management system (and in particular, the conversion controls) was responsible for most of the adverse handling qualities of the aircraft. An advanced digital fly­by-wire control system must provide level one handling qualities, especially for integrated powered-lift management.


Подпись: 14The manually operated conversion system was the most exacting, interesting and potentially hazardous flight opera­tion associated with the XV-5. This type of "bang-bang” con­version system should not be considered for the SSTOVLF. Ideally, the conversion should consist of a fully reversible and continuously controllable process. That is, the pilot must be able to continuously control the conversion process. Good examples are the XV-15 Tilt Rotor, the X-22A and the AV-8 Harrier. Furthermore, the conversion of the SSTOVLF with an advanced digital flight control system should be fully decou­pled so that the pilot would not have to compensate for lift, attitude or speed changes. The conversion controller should be a single lever or beeper-switch that is safety-interlocked against inadvertent actuation. The conversion airspeed limit corridor must be wide enough to allow for operational flexi­bility and compensate for single-pilot operation where mis­sion demands can compete for pilot attention.

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