Stretched to the Limit

MCDONNELL MD-82

Stretched to the Limit

Fleet

No.

Regn.

MSN

Delivery

Date

Remarks

9062

N941 AS

49925

12 Nov 98

Ex-Alaska Airlines.

9409

N9409F

53121

31 Mar 94

Ex-Compass Airlines.

9406

N9406W

53126

29 Jul 93

9401

N9401W

53137

19 Jul 93

9402

N9402W

53138

28Jun 93

9403

N9403W

53139

28 Jun 93

9404

N9404V

53140

24 Jul 93

9405

N9405T

53141

12 Jul 93

9412

N9412W

53187

31 Aug 95

9413

N9413T

53488

29 Sep 95

9414

N9414W

53489

27 0(195

9511

N951TW

53570

28 Jun 96

Ex-Alaska Airlines.

9630

N9630A

53561

13 May 97

9615

N9615W

53562

29 Jul 97

9616

N9616G

53563

26 Aug 97

9617

N9617R

53564

26 Sep 97

9618

N9618A

53565

24 Oct 97

9619

N9619V

53566

2 Dec 97

9620

N9620D

53591

18 Nov 97

9621

N9621A

53592

30 Jun 98

9622

N9622A

53593

11 Aug 98

9624

N9624T

53594

9625

N9625W

53595

21 Oct 98

9626

N9626F

53596

30 Nov 98

9627

N9627R

53597

15 Dec 98

9628

N9628W

53598

26 Jan 99

 

Fleet

No.

Regn.

MSN

Delivery

Date

Remarks

9629

N9629H

53599

16 Feb 99

9661

N961TW

53611

12 May 99

9662

N962TW

53612

20 May 99

9663

N963TW

53613

25 May 99

9664

N964TW

53614

8 Jun 99

9665

N965TW

53615

18Jun 99

9666

N966TW

53616

29 Jun 99

9667

N967TW

53617

7 Jul 99

9668

N968TW

53618

19 Jul 99

9669

N969TW

53619

27 Jul 99

9670

N9701W

53620

9 Aug 99

9671

N971TW

53621

18 Aug 99

9672

N972TW

53622

27 Aug 99

9673

N973TW

53623

10 Sep 99

9674

N974TW

53624

17 Sep 99

9675

N975TW

53625

27 Sep 99

9676

N976TW

53626

8 Oct 99

9677

N9677W

53627

29 Oct 99

9678

N978TW

53628

20 Oct 99

9679

N979TW

53629

10 Nov 99

9680

N9801W

53630

18 Nov 99

9681

N9681В

53631

30 Nov 99

9682

N982TW

53632

10 Dec 99

9683

N983TW

53633

17 Dec 99

9684

N984TW

53634

28 Dec 99

N984TW was the last Douglos (McDonnell Douglas) MD-80 built, and named, appropriately, Spirit of Long Beach.

 

MD-83 (N9402W) in flight.

 

Stretched to the Limit

Stretched to the Limit

Stretched to the Limit

Delivery scheme for the first DC-9-80s sported a bare-metal upper vertical fin. This was later painted all white to conform to other TWA aircraft.

Stretched to the Limit

An Old Tradition

Back in the 1930s, the Douglas company had shown considerable enterprise in developing its original twin piston-engined world-beater, the legendary DC-3. Later, in the 1940s and 1950s, it did the same with the four-engined DC-4/6/7 series; and continued the tradition of “stretch­ing” the fuselage with the DC-8 jets. It did even better with the short-haul twin-jet, the DC-9, which went into service with Delta in 1965 (see page 77). This started off as an airliner with as few as 65 seats (or up to 109 in all-economy layout); but with progressive improvements, especially in more engine power, its fuselage was stretched as never before. The Series 10’s 104-foot length was increased by 15 feet for the Series 30, and further extensions, permitting extra rows of seats, were made with the Series 40 and 50.

The Dash 80

The ultimate challenge to the Douglas engineers came when their project office proposed a fur­ther 15-foot stretch of the Series 50. This became the Series 80, or the Super 80, and follow­ing the inevitable change of nomenclature resulting from the McDonnell Douglas merger in the late 1960s, this highly successful airliner was known as the MD-80. Remarkably, its additional length, devoted entirely to the passenger cabin, permitted a seating capacity of 172, twice as many as in the first DC-9-10. The first airline to put this version, a DC-9-81, into service was Swissair, on 5 October 1980. T. W.A. took delivery of its first MD-82 in April 1983, and liked it so much that it kept buying more of both the 82 and the 83 variants. It even bought some of Swissair’s 81s and converted them to 82s.

Last of the Line

Deliveries of this fine airliner, with its unmistakable silhouette in the sky, continued until the end of 1999. The last one went to St. Louis on 28 December of that year. It had taken off from the factory where the airplane was first conceived and developed, at Long Beach, California; and although T. W.A. had abandoned its practice of naming its aircraft at the end of the piston-engined propeller era, this was a special case. T. W.A. fleet number 9654, manufacturer’s serial number (msn) 53634, registration number N984TW, was proudly named the Spirit of Long Beach.

Engines Pratt & Whitney JT8D-217C (20,000 lb) x 2 Length 148 feet

MGT0W 140,0001b Span 108 feet

Range 1,500 miles Height 30 feet

Stretched to the Limit

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